一座桥诞生了

分享荣誉 Alcatraz Island 作为TripAdvisor的"美国十大地标"之一, Golden Gate 桥就是...传奇。

Eighty-six years ago, on January 5, 1933, construction of this iconic San Francisco landmark started when workers began excavating 3.25 million cubic feet of dirt to accommodate the structure’s huge anchorages.

As the Gold Rush introduced the city-by-the-bay to immigrants from around the world, beginning in 1849, speculators soon realized that the land north of San Francisco would become increasingly valuable in proportion to its accessibility to the city.

Soon, a plan was hatched to build a bridge that would span the Golden Gate, a narrow, 400-foot deep strait that serves as the mouth of the San Francisco Bay, connecting the San Francisco Peninsula with the southern end of Marin County.

虽然这个想法可以追溯到1869年,但该提案在1916年生根发芽。前工程系学生詹姆斯·威尔金斯(James Wilkins)是《旧金山公报》的记者,他呼吁建立一座中心跨度为3000英尺的吊桥,几乎是现存桥梁长度的两倍。威尔金斯的想法估计耗资1亿美元。因此,旧金山的城市工程师迈克尔·奥肖内西(他也因这个名字而备受赞誉) Golden Gate 桥)开始问桥梁工程师,他们是否可以做到这一点少。

工程师和诗人约瑟夫施特劳斯,一个5英尺高的辛辛那提出生的芝加哥人说,他可以。

最终,奥肖内西和施特劳斯得出结论,他们可以在2500万至3000万美元的实用范围内建造一座纯吊桥,主跨至少4000英尺。建设计划仍然面临来自许多来源的反对,包括诉讼。到大多数障碍被清除时,1929年的大萧条已经开始,限制了融资选择,因此官员们说服选民支持3500万美元的债券债务,并列举了将为该项目创造的就业机会。然而,这些债券直到1932年才能出售,当时总部位于旧金山的美国银行同意购买整个项目,以帮助当地经济。

的 Golden Gate 大桥于1937年5月27日正式通车,是当时世界上最长的桥梁跨度。第一次公共渡口发生在前一天,当时有20万人步行、奔跑,甚至溜冰过新桥。

With its tall towers and famous red paint job, the bridge quickly became a famous American landmark, and a symbol of San Francisco. She still stands tall and proud and is one of the Top Ten Modern Wonders of the World.